Frying is divided into 2 basic categories, shallow and deep.
Τhe basic difference between the two being the quantity of oil. In shallow frying, the oil must cover about 1/3 of the height of the food and not cover it, while in deep frying the food is immersed in the oil. Think of the difference between a schnitzel and a fried potato. In all other respects, the two methods are not that different.
In contrast to sautéing, in frying cooking is achieved from the heat of the oil and not from the immediate contact with the frying pan. For this reason, the selection of the right fat is important.
It is equally important for the fat to be at the right temperature; if it is too hot, the crust will burn and the inside will remain raw, if not hot enough, the crust will not develop properly and the food will absorb too much fat.
Some type of coating is used very often in this method: flour, breadcrumbs or batter. The aim is for fried foods to be crunchy on the outside and tender on the inside. The color must be light to dark golden brown.
Foods suitable for shallow frying:
• Meat – soft pieces of meat, boneless, tenderized (escalope, schnitzel)
• Fish – whole small fish or fillets
• Vegetables –cut into identical size pieces
You can see the shallow frying process step-by-step, by clicking on the pictures.
Heat the frying pan with the oil.
The correct temperature is, perhaps, the most important point of the entire process.
If the oil is too hot, the food will cook very quickly on the outside and the inside will remain uncooked.
If the oil’s temperature is too low, the food with absorb a large quantity of oil and produce a greasy final product.
Add the food to the oil carefully and from a short distance to avoid splashing.
Place the food in the frying pan allowing it to fall away in the opposite direction to you.
In this way, even if oil splatters it will not come towards you
Do not overfill the pan.
Add enough quantity so that the frying continues at the same intensity.
If you overfill the pan, the temperature of the oil will fall and you will experience the same situation described above
Turn as soon as the right crust has formed.
Remove the food as soon as it is ready, allowing it to drain on absorbent paper.
Make sure the entire surface of the food comes into contact with the paper so that all the excess oil is absorbed.
Season with salt.